All About Engineering Branches


Which Engineering Branch Should i take?


This is the most Asked question by Student these days.This Article will Help you to Decide which branch you should Opt for,Providing Scope,Job and Career Opportunities in Engineering Branches.

1.Computer Science Engineering

Highly Demanded Branch,and Branch with lowest Cutoff in most Engineering Colleges.It is refereed as the best Engineering Branch.These days market is flooded with the Software Oriented Jobs.

Computer science engineering has scope beyond limits.We are surrounded by automation,and India is moving towards a better tomorrow which definitely includes IT Sector of the nation which has to be developed for a better economy.In computer science and engineering you get exposure to both hardware as well as software .you will study about programming language’s , computer networks, front end web designing languages like HTML,JavaScript,CSS , Basics of electronics and digital circuits which play important role in hardware storage CPU, and list goes on.

Placements are pretty good in this Branch. Average Placements in Good Colleges are 6-8Lpa and not so good Colleges it is 3-4Lpa.

Top Recruiters are:-

Top 10 Software Companies in India are:

  1. TCS
  2. Infosys
  3. Mphasis
  4. Gateway Technolabs
  5. Cygnet Infotech
  6. Wipro
  7. Tech Mahindra
  8. MindTree
  9. Capgemini
  10. Microsoft

2.Information And Technology

Both IT and CSE are good. Its up to you to decide which subject you want to pursue, based on your interests.

IT is more of a Professional track course. You are taught about systems and their functioning on a need to know basis. You are taught regarding the basic applications of a technology. It makes you an expert at the surface level of the tech, which will aide you to develop skills required at the industrial level. A good example would be a Network Administrator. You need to know about Networking and some basic hardware and software rules. IT can teach you what you need to know about their functionalities.
Computer Science and Engineering on the other hand, is dedicated to both professional and research tracks. A Computer Engineer is someone who would have in depth knowledge about the Hardware systems as well as the Software systems.

Placements are pretty good in this Branch. Average Placements in Good Colleges are 6-8Lpa and not so good Colleges it is 3-4Lpa.Companies recruiting are CSE and IT.

3.Electronics and Communication Engineering

It is a branch of engineering which deals with Electronics – Both Analog and Digital and Communication Engineering, which is study of transferring Information from one place to another with or without Wired technology using the electronic devices and Circuits. It can be considered to be a sub-branch of Electrical Engineering. The main difference between ECE and EE is that in ECE you deal with HIGH FREQUENCY LOW POWER and in EE you deal with LOW FREQUENCY HIGH POWER. In Curriculum, first two years you’ll be taught about Basics of Electronics and electrical engineering. From 3rd year onwards you’ll be taught about Communication Engineering.

Talking of Abroad, there are very good scope of research and lending a Core job especially in the States. So if you want to go for Masters, go to the universities outside India.the scope to land into government jobs is great. An electronics engineer can find a job in Central Government, State Governments and their sponsored corporations, private industries dealing in manufacture, sales and services of electronics consumer goods and appliances. Additionally, electronics engineers are also absorbed into the broadcast industry, research establishments, and defence. This is a very good Branch with scope in Both Private as well as Government Sectors.

Average package in ECE in a good College is5-7Lpa and no so good colleges it is 2.5-4Lpa.

Some good Core Companies for ECE are Vodafone,Samsung,Intel,Honeywell,Dell,Relaince,Wipro and many more.

4.Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering mainly involve study of  flow of electric current. If the voltage/current level of the circuit is low ( milliVolts/milliAmps to few Volts/Amps), it is electronics engineering. If  the voltage/ currents are high ( 100s of Volts to kiloVolts or few Amps to kiloAmps), it is power engineering.
Now the subjects include the study of various aspects of electric currents, its properties, how it is generated, transmitted from one place to another,  how it is controlled, which machines,  instruments  and devices are involved, their structure, design and characteristics, their applications etc.

Many Jobs are Available in Public Sector,Though the scope is not that good in Private Sector.Branch in Considered Really tough by people.So only if you are Intrested in Electrical then opt for the Branch.

Placements are Average and not so good in private sectors,but a lot of Job opportunities are available in Government Sector.

5.Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is  one of the oldest branches of engineering. It is also referred to as the  ‘mother’ branch of engineering. Another appealing feature of mechanical  engineering is that the application base of this field of study is  extremely broad and diverse. Almost all inventions during the ancient  period and a vast majority in the modern era are direct contributions of  one or the other application of mechanics.
Traditionally, mechanical  engineers have to deal with concepts such as mechanics, thermodynamics,  robotics, kinematics, structural analysis, fluid mechanics and many  others. These concepts are applied in the process of designing  state-of-the-art manufacturing units, different types of motor vehicles,  aircraft and aerospace parts and a vast assortment of industrial  machinery. Mechanical engineers also contribute in the development of  various engines, power plant equipment, heating and cooling systems and  other simple and complex machinery.
Mechanical engineers not only  design new mechanical systems but they are also responsible for testing,  maintaining and manufacturing them. The aforementioned are the  conventional roles and responsibilities of mechanical engineers.  However, times have changed. Nowadays the scope of mechanical  engineering is expanding beyond its traditional boundaries.

Since  mechanical engineering is the broadest of all engineering fields, the  job prospects on offer for skilled mechanical engineers are aplenty and  unending. Major industries that employ mechanical  engineers include automobiles, space research, aeronautical, energy and  utilities, air conditioning, bio-mechanical industry.Opportunies are Pretty good in Government Sector.

It have some Sub Branches that are Derived from it like Industrial Production and Automobile Engineering.

Average package offered in this Branch is 2.5 to 4Lpa for a Fresher.

6.Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with people, civilization of a country, their needs and basic facilities. So as long as there are humans and as long as we have natural phenomenon like earthquakes and tornadoes civil engineers will be required. You can literally make a change by being a Civil Engineer, it is a branch of the big tree “Engineering”. A Civil Engineer basically creates new things, improve the existing things and protect our environment by using eco-friendly packages in Private sector is low for how hard they work but JOb opportunities are pretty good in Government Sector.Placement are not good in Pricate Sector.

7.Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering is basically concerned with design of everything related to a manufacturing industry. It will teach you about reactors, fluid flow, separation methods, thermodynamics and economics related to these! It teaches you how and when a particular equipment is selected, keeping cost and efficiency in mind. This is about the core chemical engineering.In most the IITs and NITs, placements of core chemical engineering is average! A typical core company doesn’t offer you a CTC of more than 7 LPA.

8. Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering

Instrumentation engineering is a specialised branch of electrical and electronic engineering and it deals with measurement, control and automation of processes.Apart from covering core subjects such as  industrial instrumentation and process control, bio-medical instrumentation and robotics, the students deal with software and hardware topics such as microprocessor and micro controller based instrumentation, VLSI and embedded system designs, computer architecture and organisation and computer control of processes. Computer languages such as ‘C’ and C++ are also part of the curriculum. This makes an instrumentation engineer fit for both the hardware and the software industry.So you will have a lot of Options in Private as well as Government Sectors. Average Placement in good Engineering Colleges is 4-6Lpa.

9.Mechatronics Engineering

It is a combination of engineering field such as mechanical engineering, system engineering, electrical engineering and etc.The word Mechatronics itself is a combination of Mechanics and Electronics.

Mechatronics engineers are responsible for designing mechanical equipment. Combining their knowledge of computer, mechanical and electrical engineering, they develop various automated products, such as cameras, cars and aircraft. The engineering process typically involves designing and assembling components, testing products in development, making improvements and evaluating finished products. Engineers must also assess equipment and publish reports outlining production factors, such as practical use, safety and cost.In India mechatronics is not that good filed for making a carrier but if you outside India such as Germany, USA, UK, Russia you’ll find there is a huge demand for mechatronics engineers with good knowledge. Even the compnies which manufactures the medical machinery needs the mechatronics engineer. Mechanical Engineering is also provide same opportunity but mechatronics engineering is growing market these days.Placements in Indian Colleges are not that good.

10. Aerospace Engineering

Job opportunities for these engineers are available in Airlines, Air Force, Corporate Research Companies, Defense Ministry, Helicopter Companies, Aviation Companies, NASA and many others.
Increasing popularity of air travel and space exploration require expertise to design and maintain improvements. Looking at heightening growth rate, the demand for smart and create Aerospace Engineers is only going to increase in the near future.
Some of the top recruiters in this space are Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Civil Aviation Department, Air India, India Space Research Organization (ISRO) and others.

11. Biotechnology Engineering

Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or “any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. PLacements are not that good.Average Package is 2.4-3.6Lpa.

12. Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering is mainly concerned with the facts, theories and models describing biological and clinical phenomena, including other subjects such as physiology, virology, biochemistry, molecular biology and Proterozoic. It is the most widely applied in development of engineering solutions to both biological and clinical areas.Both biotechnology as well as biomedical engineering overlap to some extent, but are different. Both are upcoming, sunrise fields that have bright career future.Basically, if a student has interest in medicine, then Biomedical Engineering may be a better choice, whereas if the student is more interested in biology and microbiology, in such a cases biotechnology may be opted.Average Placement is 2-4Lpa for a Fresher.